“….When I looked at the sea I saw something I had never seen before and I was terrified…. The black wave hit our minivan, turning us over several times before I blacked out….”
- Marthunis, 17, Alue Naga village, Banda Aceh
Tsunami, the word that immediately brings into mind pictures of sky high tsunami waves tossing over cargo ships like plastic toys, huge insurmountable wall of water that gives everyone nightmares. The worst ever earthquake on recorded history was the “Great Chilean Earthquake, 1960” coming in at a magnitude of 9.5. It killed not more than 6,000 people, which is a huge number but looks insignificant when compared to 2,30,000 – the amount of people killed by the "Sumatra tsunami, 2004" which was caused by a relatively low 9.1 magnitude earthquake.
The damage caused by the Sumatra tsunami was about 10 billion USD, way more than 3 to 6 billion USD damage, caused by the Great Chilean Earthquake. However, both of this looks tiny in front of the damage the "North Pacific Coast, Japan tsunami, 2011" did which was about 235 billion USD. The World Bank estimated that it could take Japan as much as 5 years to overcome the damage. If this proves anything then it is that, we humans are most prone to damages caused by water than any other natural element. Storms, volcanoes and landslides doesn’t even come close to the damage caused by earthquakes and tsunamis. What gives life, takes life.
So how much energy is there in a tsunami?
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