I bet you all must have read and seen many things about this ultimate definition of architecture, this herculean monster, guarding infinite secrets and treasures which the Pharaohs wanted to die with, you have understood some, some you didn’t! Some sounded fascinating and something you believed is true and you are desperate to know everything dark about it. So here we are, presenting everything that you always wanted to know.
The great pyramid of Giza (pronounced Gizeh) build in 4th dynasty 2250 B.C i.e. exactly 4264 years in past from 2015, was built by Pharaoh Khufu and is rightfully named after him. You must be living under a rock if you have not seen any picture of the pyramid till now but trust me, this is nowhere close to how spectacular it must have looked when it was made of smooth white limestone covering which has completely been destroyed by now. Topped with a golden apex, it would have been a sight to behold. This is how it would have looked like.
IMPOSSIBLE ARCHITECTURE AND HIDDEN MYSTERIES:
Quick outlook: (just for info)
147 metres (481.4 feet) tall, each of the four sides averaging a length of 216 metres (755.75 feet), sides rise at an angle of 51°52′ and is aligned with each of the four divisions ( cardinal points) of the compass. Scriptures say that it took 20 years to make. Years of 3D scanning, surveying and approximating, we now know that the pyramid weighs approximately 5.75 million metric ton. Inner core is made from hard yellow limestone while the outer casting was made from smooth white limestone. The interior chambers are made from solid blocks of granite.
If you just sum all that up, Even if the workers worked continuously for 20 years, they would have to put in place about 32 metric ton (32.3761 to be exact) of slab every hour, which also had to be cut out from hard limestone and granite. That is about putting in place an equivalent of three largest land animal ever recorded (African elephant, 11 tons) every hour. The granite used in the hard core and inner chambers were brought from Aswan, through Nile – a journey of roughly 1000 km. Remember these rocks were first cut before sending to Giza and granite on a hardness scale scores about 7, i.e. it would have been extremely hard to cut millions of rocks of granite each weighing about 1.5 – 3 tons. The only technique we think the Egyptians had known to use was to just smash dolerite rock into the granite till it breaks down. Even with continuous smashing, only few millimetres of shaping would have been achieved every hour. Also they didn’t knew about wheels. They used to wet the sand (experimentally proven, reduces friction by almost a factor of 0.5) and drag stones on it to the working site.
Finally and most interestingly, in 1940, a British pilot discovered that each side of the pyramid were actually indented concavely to make it have a total of 8 equal sides. What’s weirder is that these can only be noticed at the dawn and dusk of spring and autumn equinox. What’s most weird is that why they made it such that it is only visible from the top? Who did they wanted to show?
The great pyramid of Giza, was raided many times in history by thieves and rulers so there is absolutely no hope that we will be able to discover all the treasures that was originally in the pyramid. However, one thing is for sure we will discover many more treasures.
Why? Because out of all the 123 pyramids in Egypt, only this one has secret doors in the shafts, in turn hidden in king’s and queen’s burial chamber, both in exact same location. These chambers were discovered by treasure hunters in late 1800s.it is so narrow that human cannot go inside. Only recently could we design robots to go inside. While inside the shaft, the robot was soon blocked by another wall, same place in both south and north shaft. When a hole of few millimetres was drilled and a camera was slowly inserted inside, few feet away, in both walls, there were other doors which had big copper handles, which was the first out of all 123 pyramids. We are still not successful in finding what’s behind those doors.
Also the most important thing for the pyramid – the true burial chamber of Pharaoh Khufu, the mighty ruler who build this impossible structure hasn’t been found till date.
Dr Zahi Hawass, former head of the Supreme Council of Antiquities under President Mubarak’s regime, has announced that there are significant discoveries still to be made in the Valley of the Kings, including a secret burial chamber which he believes lies in wait inside the Great Pyramid.
He believes and I quote, “whatever lies beyond those doors with copper handle is worth a lot both spiritually and historically not to mention the million pounds they may worth”.
QUICK LOOK :
As far as we know, ever since being made, the Arabs were the first to enter the great pyramid in 1820 AD. They entered forcibly since they couldn’t find the secret entrance. Under caliph, Al mamoun, the Arabs broke into the great pyramid by boring into the limestone with crude instruments. After months they did manage to break in and find the descending passage. The connection of the descending passage with the ascending passage was blocked with granite plugs so they bored around these also. They finally reached the King’s and Queen’s chamber and found nothing (except the empty granite box called "the empty coffin". They were disappointed. No treasures, mummies, etc. were found.
Ever since 1166AD, we got documentations how this empty coffin made a strange melodious sound.
One of the most famous visitors to the great pyramid was Napoleon Bonaparte. There is an interesting note to this story about Napoleon on his visit to the great pyramid. He asked to be left alone in the King’s chamber. When he emerged, it was reported that he looked visibly shaken. When an aide asked him if he had witnessed anything mysterious, he replied that he had no comment, and that he never wanted the incident mentioned again.
Years later, when he was on his deathbed, a close friend asked him what really happened in the King’s chamber. He was about to tell him and stopped. Then he shook his head and said, "No, what's the use. You'd never believe me." As far as we know, he never told anyone and took the secret to his grave. (It is interesting to note that there is an unsubstantiated story that Napoleon had hinted that he was given some vision of his destiny during his stay in the King's Chamber).
This monstrous relic is not at all free from curses and ghosts. Legend has it that Khufu leaves his resting place at the stroke of midnight and roam. In fact ways are made in the pyramid itself that leads to a total of 5 boat pits where Khufu could take the boats and cross the channel to the Neverland.
Throughout the nurturing period of the tourism industry, even to this day, people have reported seeing a man with his three children, roaming dressed like that of 1920s. They would pass through walls.
To end with, here’s a li'l history riddle. We have found Egyptian mummies tested positive for cocaine. What’s the big deal? Well cocaine plants are native only to Americans. But wasn’t Columbus the first one to discover America?
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